Official Name: Romania
Location: (Southeastern) Central Europe
Time Zone: Seven hours ahead of U.S. Eastern Standard Time GMT + 2
Area: 92,043 sq. miles (238,391 sq. km)
Flag of Romania: Three vertical stripes: red, yellow and blue
Population: 19,350,000 (2012)
Ethnic Groups: Romanian 89%, Hungarian 6.5%, Gipsy 3.2%,
Ukrainian, German, Other 1.3%
Religions: Christian Orthodox 78%, Greek-Catholic 10%,
Roman Catholic 5%, Protestant 5%, Jewish, Unitarian
Official Language: Romanian
Currency: Romanian Leu (RON) ( plural Lei )
Climate: Temperate, four distinct seasons, similar to northeastern USA
Capital: Bucharest (București)
Form of State: Romania is a semi-parliamentary democracy based on abicameral Parliament: the Chamber of Representatives and the Senate.
All members of the legislature are directly elected from Romania’s 41 counties.)
Legal system: Based on European models and Constitution of 1991.
Head of State: President of the Republic, currently Mr. Klaus Iohannis
National Government: The government is led by the Prime Minister,
confirmed by the Parliament on the nomination of the President of Romania.
Head of the Government: the Prime Minister, currently
Mr. Ludovic Orban (PNL)
Main political parties:
Social Democratic Party (PSD), National Liberal Party (PNL), Democratic-Liberal, Save Union Romania (USR).
Regional Government: Forty-one County Councils (Consiliu Judeţean).
Romania is a member state of the
European Union and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)